Edentulism, irrespective of whether it has a degenerative, traumatic or infectious origin, may cause masticatory disorders. With the increase in life expectancy in Europe, the symptoms of these disorders are the source of increasingly frequent complaints made by the general population to health professionals. Bone resorption caused by tooth loss is often a contraindication for implant-borne prostheses as there is insufficient bone height and width to support dental implants. In the resorbed cases, the use of dental implants can only be considered after preliminary bone regeneration of the edentulous jaw. Autologous bone grafting is the standard of care for alveolar bone regeneration prior to dental implants.